New Dog Breeds You Should Know About

As of 2019, the American Kennel Club (AKC) recognizes 193 dog breeds. Since 1878, the organization has added various new breeds to the register. This doesn’t mean that there are less than 200 dog breeds that exist in the world. There are about 400 that are registered in other countries. And it doesn’t stop there. Not all breeds are recognized by an official registry of purebred dogs.

So why aren’t all breeds on the AKC roster? For a breed to be recognized by the AKC, it must meet certain criteria. For example, the breed must have a substantial population as well as generate enough interest amongst breed clubs.

Today, we’ll talk about 19 of the relatively new breeds that recently joined the AKC family as well as some rare breeds that didn’t make the cut.

1. Long-coated Dalmatian

We all have seen or heard about the Dalmatian. But what about the long-haired variety?

This breed is incredibly uncommon. The long-haired trait is a recessive gene, which means it can be masked by a dominant gene. When two recessive genes for long hair are present, it produces a long-coated Dalmatian. For this to happen, both parents have to have the recessive gene for long coats.

According to a long-coated Dalmatian breeder, this type of Dalmatian is also rare because it is considered a disgrace to the breed. Why? Because it is different and not the “norm”. And also because the long coat does not fit the AKC standard for Dalmatians. As a result, breeders would get them euthanized or give them to shelters to remain reputable and avoid being shunned.

Height: 19-24 inches
Weight: 45-70 pounds
Life Span: 11-13 years

Breed Group: Non-Sporting
AKC Registration: Not Recognized

2. Lemon-spotted Dalmatian

This type of Dalmatian also has the presence of two recessive genes, but this one has to do with pigment. A lemon-spotted Dalmatian’s spots have little to no pigment, in contrast to the standard black-spotted Dalmation. Their spots take on a yellowish color (or bright orange), hence, the name lemon-spotted Dalmatian.

Height: 19-24 inches
Weight: 45-70 pounds
Life Span: 11-13 years

Breed Group: Non-Sporting
AKC Registration: Not Recognized

3. Long-haired Weimaraner

Also referred to as the “Gray Ghost,” the Weim is one of the most popular and renowned breeds in the world. But the long-haired Weimaraner is not as common. As you have probably guessed, the gene that generates the long hair is recessive. The distinctive long coat disqualifies the breed from the AKC’s registry.

Height: 23-27 inches
Weight: 75-90 pounds
Life Expectancy: 10-13 years

Breed Group: Sporting
AKC Registration: Not Recognized

4. The Sloughi (SLOO-ghee)

Nicknamed the “Arabian Greyhound”, the Sloughi has been around for quite some time. Originating from North Africa, Sloughis were once used to hunt jackals, gazelles, and desert hares. Since then, this North African breed has been domesticated and is very difficult to rehome. So if you get a Sloughi, you have him for life.

The Sloughi is alert, sensitive, intelligent, and faithful.

Height: 24-29 inches
Weight: 35-65 pounds
Life Span: 12-15 years

Breed Group: Hound
AKC Registration: 2016

5. American Hairless Terrier

A Louisiana native, the American Hairless Terrier, is a rare breed. It is derived from the Rat Terrier. This breed is exactly what its name suggests, possessing very little hair, which makes it a great pet for allergy sufferers. The AHT is an alert watchdog and is protective of his family, like the true terrier he is.

Height: 12-16 inches
Weight: 12-16 pounds
Life Span: 14-16 years

Breed Group: Terrier
AKC Registration: 2016

6. Nederlandse Kooikerhondje (KOI-ker-hond-yuh)

The Kooiker is of Dutch origin and was originally used as a working dog. This breed was pretty popular around the 1700s and appeared in Rembrandt’s–a renowned artist–paintings. The AKC refers to the Kooiker as the “little white and orange dog with a big heart” due to its coat of white with red patches and friendly nature. This breed will appear in the 2019 Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show, an all-breed confirmation show held in New York City every year since 1877.

Height: 15-16 inches
Weight: 20-30 pounds
Life Span: 12-15 years

Breed Group: Sporting
AKC Registration: 2018

7. Grand Basset Griffon Vendéen (Grand-Bah-SAY Gree-FOHN VON-day-uhn)

The Grand Griffon comes from the Vendée region of France. A rough translation of this breed’s name is “large, low, shaggy dog of the Vendée”. Although the Grand Griffon is used for hunting game from the hare to the wild boar, it is more commonly a domestic pet.

Like the Kooiker, the Grand Griffon will also appear in the 2019 Westminister Dog Show.

Height: 15.5-18 inches
Weight: 40-45 pounds
Life Span: 13-15 years

Breed Group: Hound
AKC Registration: 2018

8. Boerboel

The Boerboel was introduced to the media at a press conference on January 21, 2016. The name “Boerboel” comes from “boer”, the African/Dutch word for farmer. “Boel” is Dutch/African slang for dog. Therefore, “Boerboel” means “farmer’s dog”.
This dog looks intimidating due to its large size. Yet, this has allowed it to be South Africa’s defender of the homestead and a great guardian for homes and families. This breed is best suited for more experienced dog owners because they can be pretty challenging to handle.

Height: 22-27 inches
Weight: 150-200 pounds
Life Span: 9-11 years

Breed Group: Working
AKC Registration: 2015

9. Russell Terrier

This breed is not to be confused with the Jack Russell Terrier or the Parson Russell Terrier, although it does originate from these breeds. The difference is the Russell Terrier is smaller and longer-bodied. It has relatively shorter legs and a denser coat.

The Russell Terrier is a high-energy breed and enjoys lots of activity. This is probably due to the fact that it’s a hunting, working dog.

Height: 10-12 inches
Weight: 9-15 pounds
Life Span: 12-14 years

Breed Group: Terrier
AKC Registration: 2012

10. Coton de Tulear (KO-Tone Dih TOO-Lay-ARE)

Can you guess where the Coton de Tulear gets its name? The Coton’s fur is white and soft as cotton, or as the French like to say, “coton”. The other part of the Coton’s name comes from the city of Tulear in Madagascar. The Coton is also known as the “Royal Dog of Madagascar.”

Cotons are bright and witty companions and enjoy walking on their hind legs.

Height: 9-11 inches
Weight: 9-15 pounds
Life Span: 15-19 years

Breed Group: Non-Sporting
AKC Registration: 2014

11. Spanish Water Dog

The Spanish Water Dog’s origin is, you guessed it, Spanish, but it’s not the SWD’s only origin. The SWD most likely originated from Turkey and from there, was imported to Spain. Not only skilled at herding, but this curly-haired dog is also good at retrieving objects from water– hence, the name Water Dog. The SWD is a great family companion and watchdog.

Height: 15.75-19.75 inches
Weight: 31-49 pounds
Life Span: 12-14 years

Breed Group: Herding
AKC Registration: 2015

12. Miniature American Shepherd

Miniature American Shepherds, or MAS, have impressive herding abilities despite their small size. This breed was first developed in California by breeders who wanted a herding dog that was relatively compact in size. Their small size makes them great domestic pets and convenient for traveling. The MAS is intelligent and energetic as well as loyal and devoted.

Height: 13-18 inches
Weight: 20-40 pounds
Life Span: 12-13 years

Breed Group: Herding
AKC Registration: 2015

13. Pumi (POO-mi)

The Pumi is a sheepdog from Hungary, bold and lovely. Just look at his whimsical expression! He’s also referred to as the “Hungarian herding terrier.”

But don’t let the face of this curly-haired pooch fool you. The Pumi was born to work, rightfully earning his classification as a herding dog.

Height: 15.-18.5 inches
Weight: 22-29 pounds
Life Span: 12-13 years

Breed Group: Herding
AKC Registration: 2016

14. Lagotto Romangnolo

The Lagotto Romagnolo comes from the Romagna sub-region of Italy. This breed’s name originates from the Italian word “lago,” meaning lake. The name can be translated to “lake dog from Romagna.” The Lagotto is often used to hunt for truffles, a delicacy commonly enjoyed by Italians. The Lagotto may be cute or “carino,” as the Italians would say, but this dog loves to work and hunt.

Height: 16.-19 inches
Weight: 24-35 pounds
Life Span: 15-17 years

Breed Group: Sporting
AKC Registration: 2015

15. Chinook

This rare breed was developed in Wonalancet, New Hampshire during the early 1900s. The Chinook is New Hampshire’s official state dog.

The Chinook was once on the verge of extinction. As a result, the AKC refers to the Chinook as one of their scarcest breeds. This dog is people-oriented and calm. However, a Chinook does enjoy consistent exercise.

Height: 22.-26 inches
Weight: 50-90 pounds
Life Span: 12-15 years

Breed Group: Working
AKC Registration: 2013

16. Bergamasco

The striking Bergamasco comes from the Italian Alps near Bergamo, where it was originally used as a herding dog. Why does this breed have such long, dense hair? For protection from the extreme cold of the Alps and wild predators of the region. Bergamascos are extremely loyal and very protective of their loved ones.

Height: 22-23.5 inches
Weight: 57-84 pounds
Life Span: 13-15 years

Breed Group: Herding
AKC Registration: 2015

17. Berger Picard

The Berger Picard originates from Picardy, France. After both World Wars, this breed nearly became extinct, which is why the Picard is considered a rare breed today. The Picard is highly energetic and agile, a perfect match for an athletic owner.

Height: 21.5.-25.5 inches
Weight: 50-70 pounds
Life Span: 12-13 years

Breed Group: Herding
AKC Registration: 2015

18. Wirehaired Vizsla

Originating from Hungary, the Wirehaired Vizsla is an excellent hunting dog on land and in water. Even though the WV can be gentle and affectionate, this dog is very protective and fearless. Unlike the traditional Vizsla, the WV has a dense and wiry coat.

Height: 21.5.-25 inches
Weight: 45-65 pounds
Life Span: 12-14 years

Breed Group: Sporting
AKC Registration: 2014

19. Cirneco dell’Etna

This sleek and slender hound dog comes from Sicily, Italy. The Cirneco dell’Etna was historically used to hunt rabbits and go long periods without food or water, which probably explains the breed’s thin build. The Cirneco is friendly and has low coat maintenance, which makes this dog a great pet. But beware: this breed requires seemingly endless amounts of exercise, a common characteristic of the hound breed group.

Height: 16.5.-19.5 inches
Weight: 17-26 pounds
Life Span: 12-14 years

Breed Group: Hound
AKC Registration: 2015

Wrap Up

Not all dog breeds or variations of registered breeds are recognized by the AKC or other official registries of purebred dogs. Some breeds are rare (or on the verge of extinction) and others just don’t meet certain standards to become officially recognized as a breed. But this doesn’t mean you have to go with an officially registered breed of dog. And we certainly can’t forget about mixed breeds.

I hope that this post was informative and has opened your mind to new and different breeds. 

Do you own a rare breed of dog? What about a dog breed that’s not registered with the AKC?

Don’t forget to follow one of our very own long-coated dalmatian influncers  @512_kingkupa

About the Author
Britney Sanders is a dog blogger who aims to help make the lives of pet parents easier through her articles about dog health, products, and training tips. She is the mother of two rambunctious boys and two crazy furbabies. She is married to a jokester who keeps her sane when she is not blogging.

 

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