So, you have a pet, or you just decided to get a dog. Here, you will find things that you should think about first of all in order to avoid difficulties in the future.
The first thing that is necessary for new owners of a pet is a lot of patience. In the first weeks, your pet (especially if it is a puppy, not an adult dog) can spoil things, make loud noises, and disturb the usual calm in the house. It’s unavoidable. Your task is to teach the animal the rules of behavior in your home, to accustom it to the regime, and get used to a new family member. At the same time, keep a maximum of patience and calm.
2. Time for Care and Games
You decided to get a pet. But the dog is not a toy. It has the right to care, affection, the time of its owner. Your schedule should have time for games and walks, for communication with your new four-legged friend. Dogs need not only walks but also daily communication with the owner and games. Do not leave your pet alone all day. Think before you have a dog if you will have the opportunity to spend enough time with it. Of course, it is difficult to spend more time with your pet if you combine study with work, for example. In this way, you can get help with your homework. For example, you can find a writing service and buy a college essay, but keep in mind that it should be a professional college essay writing service. So, with such help, you can spend more time with your pet.
3. A Veterinarian is a Dog’s Best Friend
Naturally, there’s no need to spend much time in veterinary clinics with a healthy dog. Still, an annual medical examination of your four-legged friend will help to prevent many possible diseases. Do not forget about the necessary vaccinations for dogs. Vaccination is carried out only when a pet is completely healthy. 7-10 days prior to vaccination, deworming of dogs is done. As a rule, vaccination of dogs is carried out with complex vaccines that protect the pet from enteritis, plague, and viral hepatitis. For more information about vaccination and other necessary medical procedures, consult your veterinarian.
4. The Dog Should Know It’s Place
This is not about hard training, although for some breeds of dogs, it is simply necessary, but about the presence of a certain place for the pet in your home. The place should always be one and the same; it is advisable to equip it with soft bedding, choosing a secluded corner where the animal can sleep peacefully or spend time. It is important that not only the four-legged friend knows its place, but that all family members respect its right to a small personal place.
Each dog should have its own documents. This is necessary not only for thoroughbred dogs, which the owners will want to represent at exhibitions. For animals exhibition, you need a birth certificate, pedigree, and veterinary document. But even for those pets that do not have a breed and were found on the street or received as a gift from friends, a veterinary card is needed. Such a card, which contains information about the owner of the animal, the state of health and vaccination, as well as about all preventive measures for the dog, is necessary for any trips in intercity and international public transport. Without such a card, you cannot buy a ticket or board a train, ship, or plane.
6. One-Owner in the House
Of course, the dog is a member of the whole family. But it must have one owner, who is the authority for the animal, takes full responsibility for the dog, controls its nutrition, regular walks, training, activity, observes, and protects its interests. Choose one person in the house for this role.
7. Pet Insurance
Even the most educated pet can bring problems for its owners by accidentally damaging property or the health of third parties. Pet insurance will help to avoid unforeseen expenses. Usually, any dog breed can be insured. When making insurance, it is worth remembering that animal fighting is not an insured case.
8. Sport is the Norm
Even for small pocket and indoor dog breeds, daily long walks in the fresh air are necessary. They help strengthen the health of a dog, ensure the stable operation of the musculoskeletal system, and help to avoid a lack of oxygen. The larger the dog, the long walks with it should be, and the longer the distance the animal walks should be. With small puppies, it is recommended to walk 5 times a day for 20 minutes. Adult dogs of small and medium breeds should walk at least 2 times a day for 60-90 minutes. Large dogs should also be walked twice a day, but for 2 hours. During the cold season, during severe frosts, walks can be reduced. Please note that walking of certain breeds of dogs in urban conditions is possible only with a leash, in a muzzle, in a special enclosure, or at special places for walking dogs. During the walk, the dog should not only be in the fresh air but also run, jump, play actively.
9. Cleanliness is the Key to Health
Compliance with hygiene rules will help to avoid any troubles with the health of your dog. We are talking about the cleanliness of the dishes of your pet, and its place in the house, and regular bathing. First, you should remember to wash paws with warm water without shampoo after each walk. It is not right when the dog walks around the house on the same paws that it walked along the street. All bacteria, viruses, and dirt from the street end up in the house and can harm not only your pet but also you or the children in the house. It is necessary to completely bathe a dog with shampoo no more than once every 2 weeks, but no less often than once a month. However, the frequency of bathing depends on the breed and age of the dog, so you can get exact recommendations regarding your animal from the breeder, in the kennel, or during a consultation in a veterinary clinic.
10. Add a Little Love
A dog is a creature with its emotions, consciousness, thoughts, and feelings. Dogs need not only care but also love gentle treatment, and kind words. Find an opportunity every day to tell your pet how much you love it. Gently stroke, pat it and explain that it is the long-awaited beloved member of your family and your friend.
Adapting a puppy to a new home
You brought the puppy home. Now it is a member of your family. However, at first, it will be difficult and scary for it, because the puppy was torn from its mother, brothers, and sisters, with whom it was so cozy and fun. We need to help the puppy adapt as soon as possible. Here are also tips for the new “mom” and “dad.”
Puppy in a New House: Why is it Scared?
- Moving to a new home is a serious stress for the puppy. Make sure that in the first days of its life with you, it is calm and quiet at home: you should not immediately call neighbors and friends to admire your pet. Give it time to get used to the world of new smells and things, to get to know you better. If you have children, do not let them grab and squeeze the puppy — this is an additional stress for it.
- The first days in a new house are an important stage for both the owners and the puppy itself. Remember that at this stage, the puppy is afraid of absolutely everything: it feels lonely and lost. Therefore, the first two days, it can constantly whine and cry, calming down only on your hands. Take it in your hands, but do not hold it in your arms for a long time: this way, it will never get used to independence.
- At night, the puppy will certainly come to you — for it, this is the only, in its opinion, a worthy refuge from nightmares in a new place. Be prudent: if you do not plan that an adult dog will sleep with you, do not take the puppy to bed; otherwise, it will be impossible to wean it. Better lay a fluffy towel for it next to the bed and touch the puppy whenever it starts whining. Very soon, the puppy will get used to the new place, to you, it will feel like the new place is home.
- If possible, try not to leave the puppy alone in the first days after moving. It is not yet accustomed to a new habitat, and your presence is at least somewhat reassuring.
Following these guidelines will make life easier for pet owners.