Common Causes of Blood in Dog Urine

If you have a pet dog, you already consider him a family member. From taking care of their diet requirements to their well-being, you are sure to give the best to your little mutt. Therefore, despite such love and care, if you find blood in your dog’s urine, you will surely be devastated.

Although the situation sounds terrifying, yet you need to stop panicking and think of what to do next. Here, the most advisable thing to do, as soon as, you see blood, is to take your dog to a professional. A veterinarian will be able to tell you the reason and cause of the urine-blood.

When your pup passes blood while urinating is known as Hematuria. Different dogs may suffer from Hematuria due to various causes. Fido may suffer from this disease because of kidney stones, injury, and trauma, to more severe conditions like a tumor, urinary tract infection, or even cancer.

Irrespective of the cause, it is very crucial to take your dog to the veterinarian as soon as you notice blood in their urine. Acting immediately may help your dog from other severe problems.

Close up of bulldog on grass wearing a harness

Causes of blood in your dog’s urine

WoundIf your pup has recently experienced some injury, he may pass blood with urine. Injuries and wounds also lead to stress and discomfort. There will also be a certain amount of disruption in the regular urinary habit. If you notice any discoloration in their pee, you need to consult the vet immediately.
TumorsBoth cancerous and non-cancerous tumors in dogs may lead to the passing of blood in urine. These tumors obstruct the vital organs. In some instances, these tumors develop throughout the lifetime of the dog and are apparent only during the later phases of life. In some cases, the tumors can be treated with medication, while in other extreme cases, surgery is necessary.
PoisoningConsuming toxic objects may also lead to the passing of blood with urine. If your dog eats any pesticide or any other insect killing medicines, it may affect the internal organs. This leads to poisoning and may even kill your dog. Taking immediate action is very important, under such a situation. If your dog is poisoned, you will notice coughing, intolerant behavior, lethargy, irritation, and heavy breathing. Take him to the vet immediately!
Urinary Tract InfectionsUrinary Tract Infection is more common in female dogs. UTIs in dogs lead to blood in their pee along with the loss of bladder control, pain while urinating, strong odor afterwards, and weight loss. This too requires immediate attention before the condition worsens.
Bladder or Kidney StonesKidney stones occur when the kidney cannot resorb a specific type of amino acids. This leads to the formation of stones or crystals. It may also be formed due to excessive intake of calcium and by high alkaline diets.

Apart from blood urine, your pooch may also experience discomfort while urinating in general. A few ways you can tell if they're irritated is if they continuously lick the genitals, lose appetite and weight, and are lethargic. Most vets either suggest surgery or a specific diet to pass the stones. In either case, it is essential to consult a professional.
Prostate InfectionIf your male dog is suffering from prostate infections, there are possibilities of blood in urine. Here, your pup would experience a swollen prostate, pain while peeing, stress and appetite loss, weakness and lethargy, and fever. If you notice any prostate infection on your dog, you need to take him to the vet right away, as bacterial infection can spread fast. Moreover, in many cases, castration or surgery becomes inevitable.
TraumaA dog that is hit by a car or falls from a great height becomes traumatized along with being injured. Here, your furry pal may also suffer pain within the urinary bladder, causing blood to pass through.

What should I do if I notice blood in my dog’s urine?

The first thing you need to do when you notice blood in your dog’s urine is to stop panicking. and think about what to do next. Visiting the veterinarian would a good option. The below-mentioned steps may help you out.

Female vet examining golden retriever

1. Take your canine to the vet

Your dog will need your help and support, so do not freak out and be with him. Your dog may be in pain as well. Therefore, try to comfort and accompany them at all times. Take them to a reputed veterinarian, as you never know how dangerous the condition may become.

Your vet will need to do a physical examination of your dog and possible blood work.

2. Collect all of your dog’s medical history

Knowing the health condition and history of your dog will help your pet’s doctor is pointing out any health concerns. Let them know about the vaccinations and diet plans for an accurate diagnosis. Also, let your vet know how long your dog has been peeing blood (If not the first time).

3. Collect urine samples for lab testing before your visit (If possible)

The feces sample will help clarify the cause of the bleeding. It also serves as further support for the veterinarian in prescribing the right treatment for your dog.

4. Let the veterinarian take a thorough examination of your pet

Listen to what the veterinarian has to say and do accordingly. Follow all the prescribed medication and the suggested diet plan.

What happens after the diagnosis of blood in my dog’s urine?

Border collie male dog peeing on a tree

To diagnose the condition effectively, you need to let the veterinarian know all about your dog’s health checks and background. Let your vet know if you have seen any other symptoms or any sign of discomfort in your pet.

Analyzing the history of your dog’s health condition will enable the veterinarian to examine him further. The veterinarian would perform thorough physical tests on your mutt. This would include a blood test, blood count, and urinalysis. These tests are performed to understand the cause of the bleeding.

There may be a different diagnosis for different causes of urine blood. The examination includes feces reagent strip tests, which are programmed to detect hemoglobin, red blood cells, or protein. Your pup’s diet will also be under consideration. You need to let the vet know if you give your pet any supplements or vitamins along with their everyday diet.

Other methods of diagnosis for blood in dog’s urine are radiography, ultrasonography, and contrast radiography. If the vet observes any mass lesions, they may suggest a biopsy to reach an effective diagnosis. Only a thorough examination can help in providing Fido with the right kind of treatment program.


Dog looking at capsule in male vet's hand

Dog taking medicine from male vet

Therapy to cure this condition requires an understanding of the cause. Therefore, if you notice blood in your dog’s urine, you need to take him to the veterinarian for an immediate diagnosis to know the root cause.

Before beginning the treatment, your dog’s condition needs to be stabilized. This stabilization process may require intravenous fluids to keep your pup hydrated.

In some cases your pet may also require a blood transfusion, owing to the blood loss. In the case of infections in the urinary tract, kidney, and bladder your doctor will suggest specific antibiotics for treatment. Each medicine is prescribed depending on your dog’s reaction.

In the case of bladder stones, the vet may suggest specific diet plans for your dog. You may have to feed your dog a low-protein diet and increase their water intake. However, in extreme cases of bladder stone, your dog may have to undergo surgery.

If your pet has been diagnosed with a tumor, the vet may suggest an oncologist. They will determine the characteristics and find effective treatment. Here too, there may be chances of surgery in order to remove the tumor effectively.

Bleeding caused by poisoning can be treated with medication. However, the vet would need to know the substance that poisoned your dog, to provide the right solution. Similarly, if the bleeding is caused due to internal injury or trauma, the treatment would depend on the location of damage.

How can I help my dog during recovery?

After the thorough diagnosis and the treatment program, you need to be careful and take optimum care of your pup. It is wise to follow as the veterinarian instructs you. From diet to workout, you need to know what is best for your dog.

Take your pup to the vet for a regular health check in order to verify all their organs are fit and healthy. Keep a close eye on their diet and away from any toxic substances.

If you are planning to add an extra food item, do it after consulting your pet’s doctor. Give your dog the best care that they deserve. Feed them nutrition-filled products and encourage them to drink lots of water. Keeping them hydrated would keep them away from a lot of issues.

About the Author

Adarsh Gupta is a proud father of 2 Pomeranians and a French Bulldog. He always looks forward to sharing his experiences with dogs with other pet parents. He also makes recommendations on all breed types and their training in his site:

2 replies
    • EntirelyPets
      EntirelyPets says:

      Hi Jen!

      Thank you for the kind words on our Common Causes of Blood in Dog Urine article. Please be sure to let us know if there’s any other topics you’re dying to know about!


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